The capital of a country is the city or town that serves as the center of government for that country. The capital is typically the location of the country's seat of government, which is the building or complex of buildings where the government's administrative functions are carried out. The capital is often the largest city in the country and is usually home to the country's most important political, economic, and cultural institutions.

The capital of a country is often chosen for strategic or historical reasons, and may not necessarily be the largest or most populous city in the country. For example, the capital of the United States is Washington, D.C., which is a small city located on the East Coast.

The capital of a country plays a significant role in the country's political and economic life, as it is often the center of government decision-making and the location of key institutions such as the national parliament, the central bank, and the foreign ministry. The capital is also often a major economic hub, with a vibrant business sector and a diverse population.

In addition to its political and economic importance, the capital of a country is often a center of cultural activity, with a range of museums, galleries, and other cultural institutions. The capital is also often a popular tourist destination, due to its historical and cultural significance.

Here are a few examples of large capitals around the world:

  • Tokyo: Tokyo is the capital of Japan and is the largest city in the country, with a population of over 13 million people. It is a major economic and cultural hub, with a thriving business sector and a wide range of cultural attractions, including temples, museums, and gardens.

  • New Delhi: New Delhi is the capital of India and is one of the largest cities in the country, with a population of over 21 million people. It is a major center of government and politics, with a number of important institutions and landmarks, including the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the presidential palace) and the Parliament of India.

  • Beijing: Beijing is the capital of China and is the second-largest city in the country, with a population of over 21 million people. It is a major cultural and economic hub, with a rich history and a range of cultural attractions, including the Forbidden City and the Great Wall of China.

  • London: London is the capital of the United Kingdom and is the largest city in the country, with a population of over 8 million people. It is a major financial and cultural center, with a range of landmarks and attractions, including Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament, and the Tower of London.

  • Washington, D.C.: Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States and is the largest city in the country, with a population of over 6 million people. It is a major center of government and politics, with a number of important institutions and landmarks, including the White House, the Capitol Building, and the Supreme Court.

Other meanings:

Capital refers to the resources that are used to produce goods and services, including financial capital (such as money or credit) and physical capital (such as machinery, equipment, and buildings). Capital is an important factor in the production process, as it is used to purchase raw materials, hire workers, and finance other costs associated with production.

In economic terms, capital is often distinguished from labor (the work done by people) and land (natural resources such as minerals and timber). These three factors are known as the "factors of production" and are considered the primary inputs into the production process.

Capital can be either fixed or variable. Fixed capital refers to resources that are used in the production process over a long period of time, such as machinery and buildings. Variable capital refers to resources that are used in the production process on a more short-term basis, such as raw materials and wages.

Capital is a key component of economic growth and development, as it enables businesses and organizations to increase their production and improve their efficiency. It is also an important factor in the financial system, as it is used to finance investments and other economic activities.

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