French: Tulou du Fujian
The Fujian Tulou is a World Heritage Site in China defined by the UNESCO in 2008 and definitely a recommended cultural sightseeing location.
It is on position 1 (16, 10) in our monthly survey..

"Fujian Tulou is a property of 46 buildings constructed between the 15th and 20th centuries over 120 km in south-west of Fujian province, inland from the Taiwan Strait. Set amongst rice, tea and tobacco fields the Tulou are earthen houses.

Several storeys high, they are built along an inward-looking, circular or square floor plan as housing for up to 800 people each. They were built for defence purposes around a central open courtyard with only one entrance and windows to the outside only above the first floor.

Housing a whole clan, the houses functioned as village units and were known as “a little kingdom for the family” or “bustling small city.” They feature tall fortified mud walls capped by tiled roofs with wide over-hanging eaves. The most elaborate structures date back to the 17th and 18th centuries.

The buildings were divided vertically between families with each disposing of two or three rooms on each floor. In contrast with their plain exterior, the inside of the tulou were built for comfort and were often highly decorated. They are inscribed as exceptional examples of a building tradition and function exemplifying a particular type of communal living and defensive organization, and, in terms of their harmonious relationship with their environment, an outstanding example of human settlement."

Copyright © 1992 2014 UNESCO/World Heritage Centre. All rights reserved."

Criteria:

(iii)(iv)(v)

Weblinks:

Old,City,of,Dubrovnik
Photo from unsplash.com regarding 'Old City of Dubrovnik'

List of books: Fujian,Tulou/

Related Articles

Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi ■■■■■■■■■■
The Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi is a World Heritage Site in Viet Nam . . . Read More
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos ■■■■■■■■■■
French: Centre historique urbain de Cienfuegos; The Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos is a World Heritage . . . Read More
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua ■■■■■■■■■■
The Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua is a World Heritage Site in Italy defined by the UNESCO in . . . Read More
Old City of Zamosc ■■■■■■■■■■
The Old City of Zamosc is a World Heritage Site in Poland and defined by the UNESCO in 1992 and definitely . . . Read More
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications ■■■■■■■■■■
The City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications is a World Heritage Site in Luxembourg defined . . . Read More
Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina) ■■■■■■■■■■
The Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina) is a World Heritage Site in Greece defined by . . . Read More
Centennial Hall in Wroclaw ■■■■■■■■■■
The Centennial Hall in Wroclaw is a World Heritage Site in Poland and defined by the UNESCO in 2006 and . . . Read More
Historic Centre of Agadez ■■■■■■■■■■
The Historic Centre of Agadez is a World Heritage Site in Niger defined by the UNESCO in 2013 and definitely . . . Read More
Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa ■■■■■■■■■■
The Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa is a World Heritage Site in Peru defined by the UNESCO . . . Read More
Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük ■■■■■■■■■■
The Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük is a World Heritage Site in Turkey defined by the UNESCO in 2012 . . . Read More